According to Epuke, he is expecting more Turkana pastorilists to cross to Uganda with their animals since all the wells in their region have dried up due to drought. "Although Uganda is also dry but it isn’t comparable to Turkana region. We have lost a big number of animals in Turkana due to drought because of lack of water and grass, “he said.
Tumusiime reveals that the sucrose level of a seedling variety can be affected because of seed cane poaching, where out growers sell cane seedlings to companies outside their region, where they might not yield the required sugar level.
Farmers say they started noticing the drop in crop yields and loss of soil fertility in 2013, but since land in the sub county is still vast, farmers have been countering the problem by abandoning the fields ruined by the irrigation water for virgin ones.
According to the report, 64 out of the 453 registered SACCOs in Uganda have collapsed while 312 are struggling due to fraud and poor governance among other challenges. Collins Agaba, the program Manager PROFIRA, says only 77 out the 453 Saccos they are supporting have not suffered any problem.
Sarah Angolere, a mother of five children, who has benefiting from collecting the gum, says it is a very lucrative business and alternative source of livelihood for many women and men who could not afford to dig. "By now we could be harvesting the gum because this is the time but now all the trees that produce gum have been destroyed," she said.
Mr. Isaac Bwire the official from International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR) however, said the rapid degradation of range land can be stopped if the districts of Karamoja can pass by-laws against environmental destruction in the region.
"Am the model farmer here, and I always plant very many acres of maize, this year I had planted six and it was doing very well but just as it was flowering, the elephants and Buffalo's come and eat all the acres with two days the six acres were finished," he said.
According to Jalon Lakony Opiyo, every time elephants invade the area, each member of the village which has around 2000 households contributes 1000 shillings for the rangers to rescue them and their properties.
Francis Byarugaba, the Sembabule District Environment Officer says they are working on an ordinance that will fully operationalize the National Forestry and Tree Planting Act of 2003, for purposes of saving traditional tree species that are currently at great risk.
Over the last 30 years Uganda has registered an increase in the number of Elephants from 2,000 to 6,000, Giraffes from 350 to 1,600, mountain Gorillas in the three countries from 350 to more than 1,000 and other animals, but these and others compete for land with humans.