Enock Beronda, a farmer says that given the few extension workers in the district, getting someone to diagnose animal diseases is very expensive. He explains that farmers spend a lot of money collecting samples from sick animals for testing.
For a decade now ticks have caused losses to farmers who also have accused the National Drug Authority of failure to provide a solution for their animals that have continued to die because of tick resistance against alleged fake acaricides.
In June this year, the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries lifted the six-month quarantine imposed on the district to contain the spread of FMD. The quarantine saw a ban on the sale of cattle and their products.
Dan Mukago, the LCV Chairperson Kiruhura district says that their request to the police leadership to avail the district with police personnel attached to the Agricultural Police Unit has fallen on deaf ears.
Dr. Grace Asiimwe, the Kiruhura District Veterinary Officer, says that the holding ground they are using is small and lacks a fence thereby exposing other animals to infection. She explains that before presenting the impounded animals to court, they need to hold them in one place as they process the files.
Steven Bugiri Kashaka, a farmer in Kanyaryeru Sub County says that almost all the dams that have been constructed in the area have dried up due to the heavy drought. According to him, communal dams dried up first after being overwhelmed by the animals because farmers could not afford the cost of excavators and bulldozer machines to dig their own dams.
Although it primarily affects animals, the virus can be transmitted to humans through the handling of animal tissue during slaughtering or butchering, animal births, conducting veterinary procedures, or the disposal of carcasses. Human infections have also resulted from the bites of infected mosquitoes.
An outbreak of the disease which affects cattle, swine, sheep, goats and other cloven-hoofed ruminants, was reported in southwestern Uganda at the end of last year. As a result, the government imposed a quarantine on the districts of Gomba, Isingiro, Kazo, Kiruhura and Sembabule where the disease had been detected in many herds.
Kiruhura LCV Chairperson, Rev Samuel Katugunda, says that Muheirwe was given two bulls from Kashongi to take to the government ranch in Kiruhura town council, but instead took them to an unknown place.
In a letter addressed to Sub County Chairpersons, Town Clerks and extension workers, Charles Kiberu, the Kiruhura District Chief Administrative Officer says that farmers have continued to sell livestock and their products to traders who move animals at night.