While the discovery of oil and gas in the Albertine has raised fear of a likely resource curse , some residents in Hoima and Buliisa districts say they are witnessing some transformation even before oil comes out of the ground.
The index by Natural Resources Governance Institute (NRGI) rated Uganda's Mining Sector as slightly better governed than oil though still in "weak" category.
It finds that like the hydrocarbons sector , licensing and local impacts are a problem.
The aggrieved include 21 households that will be physically displaced as the government and partners undertake constructions of a 30-meter wide pipeline to transport Uganda’s crude oil from Hoima to the Chongoleani peninsular in Tanga, Tanzania. The project will affect 760 people in the districts of Rakai and Kyotera.
The EACOP project players that include Total East Africa, Petroleum Authority of Uganda-PAU, New Plan among other contractors are currently engaging communities affected by the pipeline route, on its progress as well as simplifying the Resettlement Action Plan recently approved by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development.
With no clear standards for quality solar panels on the market, Brenda Akankunda, a researcher and Energy Economist at Makerere University Business School (MUBS), says the public is misled into buying solar products that don’t fit the hype attached to them.
Many of the Project Affected Persons-PAPs in the districts of Lwengo, Kyotera, Rakai and Gomba have repeatedly demanded a second evaluation exercise before the actual construction works begin. They argue that their properties have gained value since 2018 when the first assessments were conducted.
Lwengo, Sembabule, Kyotera, and Rakai districts are part of the ten districts through which the proposed pipeline will pass to connect the oil wells in the Albertine region of Uganda towards the refinery at Tanzania’s port of Tanga. At least 1,901 people out of a total of 3,792 persons who will be affected in the route opening, are residents within the four districts of greater Masaka, in which the East pipeline was demarcated to pass.
At least six international banks have backtracked on their financing plans for a USD 3.5 billion project, which will include developments of oil fields in the Albertine region and the construction of a crude oil export pipeline from Hoima in Uganda to Tanga in Tanzania.
But in their sensitization, the soldiers sometimes fail to answer technical questions from the communities whose members are eager to know what the aerial survey will bring to their tables. The communities ask of their entitlements in the mining sector and why the planes are flying at lower altitude.