But the peace is being threatened by reports of illegal arms entering the region from neighbouring Kenya and South Sudan. The influx of arms has also revived cattle raids along borders and within the various Karimojong ethnicities.
Paul Otim, the human rights regional officer for Karamoja says that although the commission has handled close to 900 cases since 2004, majority of the cases are related to disarmament that was launched in Karamoja two years earlier.
Captain Dominic Logwe, the In-charge Civil Military relations, Karamoja notes that Lolukachi must have killed himself for lack of explanation given the circumstances under, which the cows were stolen at the grazing ground by suspected rustlers.
The area straddles the Nyangatom from Ethiopia, Toposa in South Sudan, the Turkana living in North Western Kenya and the Karimojong among others. The area is populated by 14 pastoralist tribes who share a common language, culture and way of life.
Forty-three suspected Karimojong warriors who fled disarmament a decade ago have voluntarily surrendered to the Uganda Peoples Defence Forces (UPDF) in Kaabong district. This brings the number of warriors surrendering to 59 after 16 others recently handed themselves in to the army.
The Ik community in Kaabong district now has a reason to hope for continued existence since the guns have gone silent. Located in the remote mountains in Ik-Kamialu sub-county in Kaabong district, the the community faced extinction at the time the Uganda government launched the Karamoja disarmament exercise in 2001.
Brig. Lakara Nakibus, The 3rd Division Army commander made the commitment during celebrations to mark the annual defense week in Karamoja. He explains that disarming the Karimojong is an uphill task that requires guarding the prevailing peace in the volatile region.
The Uganda Peopleâ€™s Defense Forcesâ€”UPDF is set to recruit an additional 1,400 local defense unit (LDU) personnel in Karamoja sub-region, raising the number to 3500. In 2010, President Yoweri Museveni ordered the army to recruit and train about 2000 LDUs to help boost the disarmament exercise in the sub region.
A total of 19 Dodoth cattle rustlers have surrendered to Uganda Peoplesâ€™ Defence Forces (UPDF) in Kaabong district. The rustlers mainly from the Dodoth clan in Karamoja region have been living in South Sudan after they fled the country around 2007 at the height of the disarmament exercise.