The government then had placed its hopes on donations of Pfizer vaccine from the United States of America. The idea which was first communicated by President, Yoweri Kaguta during one of his addresses on the COVID-19 pandemic became one of the conditions for the re-opening of schools.
A learners wearing a facial mask
The government has backtracked on its
plans to vaccinate learners below 18 years of age as earlier announced.
In the past, the ministries of
Education and health had proposed to vaccinate
all learners aged 12 and above using the Pfizer-Biotech vaccine, which is approved for use among children of this
The government then had placed its hopes on donations of Pfizer vaccine from the United
States of America. The idea which was first communicated by President, Yoweri Kaguta during one of his
addresses on the COVID-19 pandemic became one of the conditions for the
re-opening of schools.
However, officials from the Health ministry later intimated that only learners aged 15 years and above would be vaccinated using Pfizer.
Now, these plans too look
to have been indefinitely shelved, with health ministry officials, saying they only have plans to vaccinate
learners aged 18 and above.
over 1.6 million doses of the said vaccines already in the country and another
3.4 million doses expected anytime, one would think that this target group
could be catered for as earlier planned. Learners in this target group are normally found at the post-primary
level and according to estimates from the Ministry of education, they are 1.3
As such, the government would be able to vaccinate all learners in this
age group. In an interview earlier
this month, the minister of education in charge of primary health, Dr Joyce Moriku Kaducu said discussions were
still ongoing on the vaccination of learners. She intimated that if all fails, they would
concentrate on vaccinating learners with co-morbidities.
"There are learners that we want to get vaccinated
because they have co-morbidities and are highly susceptible to the disease.
Such learners will be vaccinated," she said. However, officials from the health ministry said that they have no clearly set plans to vaccinate any
learner below the age of 18 years.
Dr Alfred Driwale, the programme manager of the
Uganda National Expanded Programme on Immunization, says that they are going to stick to their original
vaccination plan. "We have never said we will vaccinate learners below the
age of 18. Our plan had always been clear that we are targeting people aged 18
and above and our priority is health workers, teachers, security personnel,
people with co-morbidities and the elderly," Driwale said.
When asked whether the education ministry was
still pushing for the vaccination of learners, Dr John Muyingo told URN that
they would comply with what officials from the health ministry decide. "For us, we are asking the Ministry of
Health to immunize our people and I think they immunize them according to the
vaccines they have. We have no control over the vaccines coming into the
country and we mobilise the groups that they have told us," Minister
The issue of vaccinating learners had been contentious
between both ministries. In August, the
two ministries clashed over the vaccination of learners in
medical institutions. While the Education Ministry issued a circular directing
the vaccination of learners at all institutions before resuming classes, the office in charge of
the vaccination programme in the entire country said the available vaccines at
the time were not enough for such an exercise.
Driwale wanted the government to follow their earlier plan
that was approved by the World Health Organisation prior to the arrival of the vaccines. A
source from the health ministry who preferred to remain anonymous said the vaccination of learners is not the
government's priority now.
"Right now, we are more focused on vaccinating all
Ugandans. We are looking for over 30 million vaccines to vaccinate the target
of 22 million people.
Children are our least priority now since even science shows that they are less
susceptible to being infected," the source said.
Vaccinating priority groups, however, is not the only
impediment to vaccinating learners. The Pfizer vaccines need to be stored at
-20 degrees Celsius. As such, they require specialised cold chain equipment
that is easily used in urban areas. Using them in hard to reach rural areas
under these conditions would be challenging.