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70 Percent of Ambulances in Uganda Lack Equipment, Trained Staff - Survey

Findings from the study shows that many of the ambulances used in the country do not have emergency equipment or medicine such as pain medication, vital signs monitors, an electrocardiogram (ECG) machine, a defibrillator or an intubation set used to clear blocked airways, Tranexami acid that prevents excessive bleeding caused by trauma like an accident. In addition to this, things like non-breather face masks needed to assist breathing are not present
Inside a St John's Ambulance. According to the findings of the report, majority of the ambulances in Uganda lack the basic emergency equipment or medicine such as pain medication

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A survey conducted by Makerere University School of Public Health has revealed that 70% of ambulances used in Uganda to ferry patients to hospitals lack equipment, medical supplies or even trained personnel.

The findings of the survey were published in the scientific and clinical journal, BioMed Central. The survey centered on finding out the state of emergency medical care services in Uganda.

Findings from the survey were established after 52 pre-hospital service providers like ambulance services or police pick-trucks showed that the level of care given to patients is substandard during transportation to health facilities. Findings also show that both police and ambulances do not have essential medical supplies or equipment like pain medication, vital signs monitors, an electrocardiogram (ECG) machine, a defibrillator or an intubation set used to clear blocked airways.

It shows that ambulances lack equipment such as suction machines that remove obstruction from airways or medicines such as Tranexami acid that prevents excessive bleeding caused by trauma like an accident. In addition to this, things like non-breather face masks needed to assist breathing are also not present.   

In addition to lack of medicines, finding from the survey also shows that majority of the persons who operate emergency service vehicles or missions do not have any kind of medical training.  

The ministry of health in 2018 finalized the Emergency Services policy which is supposed to guide the operation of emergency service providers such as ambulances. However, the policy is yet to be passed by parliament.  

As part of the policy, ambulance services have been categorized into three categories- type A for transporting patients, type B for universal coverage which will have medicine and medical personnel to provide emergency care and type C where minor surgery can take place on patient within a moving ambulance.  

In Uganda only the Uganda Heart Institute has a Type C ambulance.  

Dr. John Baptist Wanyiaye, the Commissioner in charge of Ambulance Services at the ministry of health says that since the policy has not yet been passed, there is little that the ministry can do enforce ambulance standards in the country.

According to the ministry of health ministry, there are 440 ambulances in the country. Wanyiaye says that majority of the ambulances that are used in the country are type A. They do not have the capacity to offer emergency lifesaving care.  

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Last year, 24-year old Haula Namakula gave birth to sextuplets at Rubaga Hopsital. However three of the babies died on their way to Kawempe Referral Hospital. Doctors at Kawempe say some of the children died due to lack of oxygen.

Dr. Wanyiaye says that government is working towards making sure that all new ambulances that enter the country are either type B or C to avoid such occurrences from ever happening again. “All ambulances brought in through the right channels now have to either be type B or C so that patients can get adequate care,” he said.