The 4P model was applied in Kalangala to bring together 1,300 oil palm outgrowing farmers, the Government of Uganda through the Vegetable Oil Development Project, the funders from the International Fund for Agricultural Development and the Private partners who include oil Palm Uganda Limited.
The Ministry of Agriculture has announced
that all its departments will replicate a 4P model used in the production of
Palm Oil in order to increase productivity.
The 4P model consists of Public,
producer, Private Partnership, which engages the farmer, government, funders
and private developers in the productivity chain where each is left with a mandate to enable any agribusiness to thrive.
The 4P model was
applied in Kalangala to bring together 1,300 oil palm outgrowing farmers, the Government of
Uganda through the Vegetable Oil Development Project, the funders from the
International Fund for Agricultural Development and the Private partners who
include oil Palm Uganda Limited.
Under this model, a funder offers
loans with limited or no interest to farmers to clear gardens, plant and look
after the gardens with the help of the government extension workers who advise
farmers with the best farming methods. The private partner is also secured to
offer a ready market for the produce.
For instance, in the oil palm
sector, the government instituted a vegetable oil development project which
secured funds for farmers from the International fund for agricultural
development which supported farmers with no-interest loans. Later, Oil Palm
Uganda Limited was put in place to ensure that all palm oil fruits are bought
for processing and sent to Bidco-Uganda Limited for production of Palm Oil
Solomon Kalema, the Communications and
Knowledge Development Officer for the Ministry of Agriculture says that in this
way, farmers will be assured of the best farming methods and ready market for
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This adoption of the 4P model
into the entire sector, is part of the Annual agriculture sector review that is
also being undertaken by the Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and
The model will majorly be
instituted in areas with cash crops which include tea, cotton, coffee and other
crops like rice and simsim which are grown on a large scale. Currently, the
program has been adopted in the Bulambuli rice scheme.
The Ministry also seeks to
implement such a model in the fisheries sector to ensure that all fishermen
acquire legally accepted fishing gear.
“The farmers have severally been struggling to
have good farming practices. They have also been struggling with fluctuating
prices neither do they have a ready market for the produce. The 4P model
accomplishes and caters for all these. It has been tested and helped in the improvement
of the agricultural practices in Kalangala,” says Anthony Wanyoto, the
communications officer of the National Oil Palm Program.
The model, according to the
Minister of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries Vincent Ssempijja, will
supplement the Agriculture Cluster Development project that seeks to conduct a
national farmer’s census to know the number of people engaging in Agriculture
across the country.
Julius Opondo, a member of the
Agriculture committee of parliament says that there is a dire need for a program that enables farmers to have enough resources for the cultivation
“Programs such as NAADs and
operation wealth creation should work with the Ministry of Agriculture to
ensure that all farmers can get resources to look after their gardens since
most farmers have been failing to succeed only because of the lack of resources
to look after their different agriculture projects,” Says Opondo.