The Appellate Division of the East African Court of Justice has
issued timelines in the case in which the government of Rwanda wants to have a
Rwandan Judge on the panel of Judges hearing the matter challenging its
decision to close the Ugandan Border.
The matter arises from a case filed by a Ugandan Lawyer Steven Kalali in April
2019 challenging the February 27th 2019 actions of the government of Rwanda to
close its Kyanika and Gatuna borders blocking trucks from Uganda to allegedly
expedite construction works at the Rwandan side of the Gatuna border.
Following the closure, Kalali through his lawyers Richard Wananda,
Joseph Mutyaba and Josephat Mutesasira petitioned the First Instance Division of
the East African Court of Justice arguing that the actions of Rwanda by
closing its border have infringed on the rights and freedoms of its people, and
those in neighbouring countries.
Kalali added that Rwanda's actions have since caused financial loss to hundreds
of traders. He thus demanded an order from the court declaring the
border closure illegal as that it contravenes the East African treaty
which Rwanda is a signatory.
However, as the case was pending judgement at the First Instance Division,
Rwanda in August 2020 filed an application seeking to halt these proceedings
until a full bench of the East African Court Judges is constituted due to the
alleged complexity of the matter.
According to the affidavit of the Acting Head of Legal Services in the Ministry
of Justice of Rwanda, Emile Ntwali, they wanted all the Judges of that court to
preside over Kalali’s case because the matters that he complained about involves
many complex laws, legislation, practices and principles.
"That I have read the content in this notice or motion filed
by the applicant seeking that reference number two of 2019 pending before this Honourable
Court an application number six of 2020 arising from it therein; be heard and
determined by the full bench after the appointment of a Rwandan Judge by the summit",
reads the affidavit.
But in the aftermath, the three judges of the First Instance Division including
Principal Judge Monica Mugenyi from Uganda, Audace Ngiye from Burundi and Dr
Charles Oyo Nyawello from South Sudan dismissed the application on grounds that
it lacked merit. They also asked the government of Rwanda to pay costs to
But Rwanda’s Attorney General appealed before the Appellate
Division of the East African Court of Justice saying that the learned Justices
of the First Instance Division erred in law by condemning them to pay costs and
denying that the case was not of immense public importance, complex and entailing
conflict of laws.
They asked the court to quash the ruling and make an order
that Kalali's case is of immense public importance and involved many complex
laws and legislations, practices and principles and therefore be determined by
a full bench of five Judges as per the East African Court of Justice Practice.
The appeal is supported by the Acting Head of Legal Service in the
Ministry of Justice of the government of Rwanda Emile Ntwali who says the East
African Summit needs to appoint a Rwandan Judge onto the panel for the case for
the hearing to move on.
However, when the matter came up on Tuesday for scheduling, the
Justices of the Appellate Division led by Vice President Geoffrey Kiryabwire
gave the parties the timelines within which to follow to make submissions on
the issues that they want the court to determine.
Rwanda has now been given up to June 24th 2021 to file their
submissions and Kalali who is the respondent given up to 9th July 2021.
The Judges have also directed that if there is any rejoinder
it should be made by July 19th 2021 and the hearing of the appeal will be on
But while commenting on Rwanda's request, Kalali said the request
is untenable because such applications can always be heard by one Judge and
they were reportedly lucky that it was determined by three Judges of the First
Instance Division of the East African Court of Justice.
Kalali added that Rwanda is abusing the court process because
courts constitute panels based on competence, resources and the Principal
Judge’s discretion but not on nationalities.
//Cue in: “The applicant now...
Cue out: …East African Treaty”. //
//Cue in: “Nze kyenjogera kili…
Cue out: mukoti okwemulugunya”. //
The Mediation talks between Uganda and Rwanda over the border
closure suffered a huge setback in 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
Rwanda accused Uganda of supporting rebel groups opposed to President Paul