The IEA in a report released in France on Thursday says the debate about the Energy transition due to climate change concerns as well as the soaring energy prices have seen a comeback of nuclear in countries where it was being abandoned due to costs and safety concerns.
power has been in decline since the Fukushima disaster in Japan over ten years ago,
but the International Energy Agency IEA) says it is making a comeback.
IEA in a report released in France on Thursday says the debate about the Energy
transition due to climate change concerns as well as the soaring energy prices
have seen a comeback of nuclear energy in countries where it was being abandoned due to costs
and safety concerns.
IEA new report,
Nuclear power and secure energy transitions: From today’s
challenges to tomorrow’s clean energy systems
says building sustainable
and clean energy systems will be harder, riskier, and more expensive without
today’s context of the global energy crisis, skyrocketing fossil fuel prices,
energy security challenges and ambitious climate commitments, I believe nuclear
power has a unique opportunity to stage a comeback,” said IEA Executive
Director Fatih Birol.
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however said a new era for nuclear power is by no means guaranteed. “It will depend on governments putting in
place robust policies to ensure safe and sustainable operation of nuclear
plants for years to come – and to mobilise the necessary investments including
in new technologies.” he said.
nuclear industry according to Birol must quickly address the issues of cost
overruns and project delays that have bedeviled the construction of new plants
in advanced economies.
is today the second-largest source of low emissions power after hydropower,
with nuclear plants in 32 countries.
About 63% of today’s nuclear generating
capacity comes from plants that are more than 30 years old, since many were
built in the aftermath of the 1970s oil shocks. But a range of both advanced
and emerging economies have recently announced energy strategies that include
substantial roles for nuclear power as well as considerable financial
incentives to invest in it.
addition to being a low carbon or zero-emission electricity technology, nuclear
has been viewed as an option to renewable energy technology. In 2020, nuclear
power generation exceeded the combined generation of wind to solar generation worldwide.
Shinichiro Fujimori, an expert with
Nuclear in Energy transition revealed that the deployment of nuclear has been plagued
by high construction costs and delays.
current war in Ukraine is likely to affect the deployment of nuclear energy because
Russia has been a market leader in reactor construction. IEA suggests that 27
out of 31 reactors that started construction in and after 2017 are Russian or Chinese
designs. Uganda is among the countries that are looking for assistance in the
construction of a nuclear energy reactor.
government in 2019 signed an Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) with Russia to
build the capacity to exploit nuclear technology for energy.
In May this year, the international Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA) approved Uganda’s plan to construct the first Nuclear Energy plant
in East Africa. The approval followed a visit to Uganda by experts under the Integrated
Nuclear Infrastructure Review (INIR) at the end of last year.
The team led by Mehmet Ceyhan from the IAEA’s
Nuclear Infrastructure Development Section said it was important that the
Government continues to support further development of the infrastructure
needed for a safe, secure and peaceful nuclear power program.
The team handed to President Museveni a report about
the status of nuclear infrastructure development as outlined in the IAEA's
. The approach is to be adopted by the Ministry of Energy
under the Atomic Energy Agency.
The approach is based on a phased mechanism to enable
countries to develop in a safe, secure and sustainable manner.
Uganda will initially construct a 2GW nuclear power
plant as part of the energy mix now dominated by hydroelectricity. Uganda has
to go through a number of stages from learning, to the formation of institutions
before the construction of reactors.
It takes between ten to fifteen years to have a
nuclear power plant up and running. Nuclear
power is envisaged to contribute to the electricity generation mix in Uganda by
Under the Nuclear Power Roadmap Development Strategy and Vision 2040 Uganda
hoped to have 30,000 Megawatts of nuclear power by 2026. AF-Consult Switzerland in 2014 said Uganda
would need to invest USD 26 billion to have an installed capacity of 4,300
Megawatts of power from nuclear energy by 2040.
AF-Consult Switzerland estimates that Uganda would spend 744.8 trillion
Shillings in capital and operating costs if it is to generate 30,000 Megawatts
from nuclear as outlined in the Uganda Vision 2040.