According to Lubega, this proposed system will bring the cost of administration down from the more than 500 MPs to 130, from 130 district leadership units to 48, and from more than 80 ministers and state minister to 54. The proposed system also provides for decentralized governance system where the local governments shall have more powers regarding mobilization and application of public resources.
A veteran fighter has suggested
that Uganda adopts a third political system which can form the basis of
development of the country, better than the Movement and the Multiparty
The Constitution provides for the
Multiparty System, the Movement System and “any other democratic and
representative political system.” It
says that Ugandans shall have the right to choose a political system through an
election or referendum, and that when one system is in operation, the others
shall be in abeyance.
Since the constitution’s
promulgation, a third system has not been suggested, while the debate has
concentrated on governance systems like federalism, unitarism, regional tier
and decentralization. Now, Isaac Lubega has come up with another suggestion; the
National Regionalism Movement, which focuses on a regional presidency but a
His document provides for a
Uganda divided into four regions; North, East, West and Central, with each
region entitled to produce the country’s president, on a rotational basis. According to him, the four regions should be
subdivided into 16 ethnopolitical regions of Ankole, Acholi, Buganda, Bugisu,
Bukedi, Bunyoro, Busoga, Kigezi, Lango, Karamoja, Madi, Rwenzori, Sebei, Teso,
Tooro and West Nile, which hold local primary elections under the National
Electoral Commission, to identify the suitable candidate to be presented for
the national election.
However, there should be no adult
suffrage, and the president should be elected by district electoral colleges
that comprise councillors and other district leaders that maybe elected
democratically. Lubega proposes that
this will work with a law turning the districts into constituencies for
legislative purposes, with each district represented by two MPs. He explains
that when the president chosen from a region is in office, the MPs from the
other three regions shall automatically be in opposition.
According to Lubega, this
proposed system will bring the cost of administration down from the more than
500 MPs to 130, from 130 district leadership units to 48, and from more than 80
ministers and state minister to 54. The proposed system also provides for
decentralized governance system where the local governments shall have more
powers regarding mobilization and application of public resources.
This is aimed at ensuring no President shall have a majority in parliament, and this will strengthen
political accountability. Lubega says this is aimed at ensuring minimal or no
conflict during the elections, as the system provides a chance for each region to
produce a president, for five years.
//Cue in; “As you can see…
Cue out…national cake
The country has been ruled under
at least four known systems since independence, including the Multiparty
system, immediately after independence, the one-party rule between 1966-71 and
the No-party military rule in the 1970s’. The non-partisan movement system was
introduced and practised in 1986-2005, when the country returned to
It adds that appropriate measures
shall be taken to enable local government units to plan, initiate and execute
policies in respect of all matters affecting the people within their jurisdiction. The local government shall therefore have a mandate to
collect most of the taxes and spend them for regional development.
If the time was still on his
side, Lubega proposes that the current election process would be called off and
the current president leads a transition process to the new order. He says this
would also do away with the vote-rigging and post-election violence.
//Cue in; “Okulonda kuno
Cue out...Idea eno.”//
He says he has delivered a copy
of his proposal to the office of the President. He says this would even give
Museveni advantage to organize a peaceful exit, which has not been experienced
under all the various political systems.
//Cue in; “it will give…
Cue out… to lead.”//
Who is Isaac I Lubega?
He is an Elder in the Seventh Day
Adventist Church based at Kireka. At
Kalerwe SDA Church, his local church, Lubega is known as a ‘knowledgeable man
who is widely read, and a counsellor in the Church’.
He himself says since his
youthful days he got interested in researching on political systems, political
history and global leaders, especially in countries where there are conflicts
and suffering of the people.
Born in Luwero, Central Uganda,
Lubega, like four of his brothers, is a veteran fighter in the National
Resistance Army, and served as a spy. His
father, Ali Lubega also, a former fighter in the same army, died in the war in
Gulu, northern Uganda in the late 1980s. He stopped in senior four at a local school in
Luwero before joining the bush war, and was demobilized in the mid-1990s.
It was during his time as a
soldier that he picked interest in learning about politics and governance in
particular, but never joined mainstream politics. His interest was in countries that went
through armed liberation struggles before being stabilized, and this led him to
read about political ideologies like capitalism and socialism.
He says after the war, he decided
to put his views or thoughts in writing, with a hope that this would give
communities and leaders more options and approaches to improving social,
economic and political situations.
He has since written two books on
religion and four on politics and governance, including “The Bodaboda Industry:
How to eradicate indiscipline, thieves and murders in the bodaboda industry”, Nationalism, an insight into the diversity of Uganda’s ethnic formation, as
well as “Kampala, the pearl City of Uganda”, a view on how Kampala can be
transformed into a beautiful, clean and modern city.