A new study has warned of inequalities
in access to improved water and sanitation facilities among Ugandan households.
While the report says majority of Ugandans (75%)can access water from improved sources,
less than 20% have access to piped water.
The survey under the theme “Leaving
no One behind? Citizen’s views and experiences on water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
found disparities between the urban (42%) and rural areas (11%) in terms of
access to piped water.
It reveals that only eight percent
of the rural people were accessing piped waters compared to 45% of the
households in the urban.
The findings were released by
Twaweza and the Uganda Water Sanitation NGO Network(UWASNET)
Commenting on the report, World
Vision’s Operations Director, Jeremiah Nyagah said the inequality around water
in Uganda must be addressed.
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Nyagah says one of the reasons why
the cost of piped water remains out of reach for many is because of high cost
He urges the government waive taxes o solar water technologies to
reduce on cost of production.
According to the survey, the
biggest impediment to access to clean water was the lack of clean water points
(36%), distances to water sources (27%) and availability of dirty water (25%).
Marie Nanyanzi, a programme
Officer of Twaweza’s Sauti za Wanainchi says shortage of water points and
distance to water points are cited by almost twice as many households in rural
areas than urban.
She says eight out ten Ugandans
said they harvested rainwater to complement their main source of water.
Nanyanzi notes that from the findings can be sustainable cost effective alternative
supply point for those struggling to meet their dial water needs.
The only problem is that most of
the rain water harvested by most households hardly lasts longer due to storage
The survey findings conclude that
Uganda is unlikely meet most of the issues reflected in Social Development
Access to water and sanitation is
internationally recognized human right. Yet more than two billion people lack
even the most basic of services.
In 2010, the United Nations
General Assembly adopted a resolution recognizing “the right to safe and clean
drinking water and sanitation as a human right” and in 2015 the human right to
sanitation was explicitly recognized as a distinct right.
These rights oblige States to work
towards achieving universal access to water and sanitation for all, without
discrimination, while prioritizing those most in need.
Sustainable Development Goal 6 of
the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development aims to guarantee sustainable
management of, and access to, water and sanitation for all by 2030.
National Panning Authority’s Manager
Population and Social Sector Planning, Dr. Sarah Birungi Nahalamba raised concern that
few Ugandans have access to clean piped water.
She said there is need for equal
focus on sanitation including hand washing as part of the contributions to
deaths and ill-health
Dr. Nahalamba suggests a revolving
fund for water and sanitation at sub counties.
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Dr. Nahalamba says it is also unacceptable
that almost 66% of the health facilities don’t have access to clean piped